What does citizenship in America mean? What does citizenship in America mean? What are our rights and responsibilities?

citizenshipHave you forgotten the meanings associated with the Great Seal? Do you know the history behind the song America the Beautiful?

Americans by birth or by choice, we are all united by the common civic values expressed in our founding documents, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. This common civic identity binds us together as one nation. The Citizen’s Almanac, a collection of America’s most cherished symbols of freedom and liberty, serves as a modern day lifeline to our rich civic history. From historic  speeches to landmark Supreme Court decisions, The Citizen’s Almanac offers a fascinating look into the fundamental civic values that have helped shape the country we know today.

Chancellorsville Campaign: January-May 1863

chancellorsvilleThe battle of Chancellorsville, fought in the spring of 1863 in Virginia’s Piedmont region, pitted a powerful Union Army under its newly appointed commander, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, against a significantly smaller but well-led Confederate force under General Robert E. Lee.  In the end, it was Lee and his chief subordinate, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, who achieved what many histo­rians have called the South’s greatest victory during the American Civil War. The Chancellorsville Campaign.

Civil War 150th Anniversary: The Battle of Gettysburg

The 150th anniversary of the U.S. Civil War is a time to reflect on four years of fighting, North against South and sometimes brother against brother. The bloodiest of the fights occurred in July of 1863 on a small battlefield near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Feature Story offers an overview of the divide between the Union—those states that wanted to keep the country united—and the Confederacy, those states that wanted to secede from the United States of America. The events that led to the Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the conflict, are reviewed. READ MORE

The Need to Know section offers a detailed account of the events leading up to the Battle of Gettysburg, the officers who commanded troops on each side of the conflict, accounts of skirmishes within the battle, and the strategies of the armies involved. In addition, a number of biographies, images, maps, primary documents, and other reference entries offer additional information on the actors in this bloodiest contest of the Civil War. READ MORE

The Examine section of this History and the Headlines encourages students to explore newspaper accounts during the time of the Battle of Gettysburg from both the Union and Confederate perspectives. The Examine also includes a link to a longer version of this lesson plan, which is located on ABC-CLIO’s Support Center. READ MORE

Be sure to check out these other library resources:

How much of our population is foreign born?

The United States is a land of immigrants, and we’re strong and productive because of it. Only the Native Americans were originally born here. The rest of us came from Somewhere Else.

When we think of the heyday of Ellis Island, it seems like everyone was coming in from Europe – Ireland, Italy, and Germany. Is that still the case today?

How much of our population is foreign born? And, where are they coming from? Where do most of our foreign-born residents settle?

Place of birth of the foreign-born population by Elizabeth M. Grieco, Edward N. Trevelyan

Additional Recommended Resources

Thanksgiving Day

National holiday in the United States commemorating the Pilgrims‘ celebration of the harvest reaped by the Plymouth Colony in 1621, after a winter of great starvation and privation. The celebration was probably held in October. The neighboring Wampanoags, who outnumbered the colonists, joined them for three days and contributed food to the celebration. The first proclaimed day of thanksgiving in the colony was not held until 1623 (probably at the end of July), following an improvement in prospects for the still struggling colony, and was a day of prayer, not feasting. Read more..