Tomato – Fruit or Vegetable? The US Supreme Court rules it to be a …

On May 10, 1893, the US Supreme Court ruled in Nex v. Hedden that a tomato was classified as a vegetable for the purposes of the Tariff Act of 1883, which taxed vegetables, but not fruits.
Though technically a fruit (the court acknowledged its botanical classification as that of fruit, but argued that its common usage would make it a vegetable), the tomato is related to the potato and eggplant. Though it has been around for a long time, its purpose as human food is relatively new, as it used to have more decorative uses as “the love apple.” Some even believed the tomato to be poisonous (though to be fair, the fruit is the only part of the tomato plant that isn’t toxic). Within the last century, however, the tomato has become quite popular, and now ranks third among US vegetable crops.

To read more about this vegetable/fruit, head over to the Tomato Topic Page in Credo Reference Online!

Do you Know Surfing is an Ancient Sport?

Surfing is an ancient sport that dates back thousands of years and has a history that intersects with colonialism, World War II and 1960′s counterculture.  Writers Jack London and Mark Twain both tried surfing; Twain believed that only Hawaiian natives ever mastered the sport, but London wrote about surfing as a way to reconnect with nature.  In early May 2012, the Guinness World Records recognized pro surfer Garrett McNamara for surfing the biggest wave ever ridden, a 78-footer he caught off the coast of Portugal last November.

To read more about surfing visit the Topic Page – Surfing in Credo Reference Online.

What are Topic Pages? Topic Pages in Credo Reference Online bring an in-depth look at a subject and recommend other library online resources.

Are You Buying More Batteries?

I am – and my battery of choice is a Lithium battery. My laptop, my phone, and all my other tech toys have Lithium batteries. What does that mean for me, for the environment, and for the energy industry? Where does all that lithium come from? And what effect will it have on my future? Read Lithium use in batteries to find the answers to these questions.

Additional Library Resources


CQ Researcher – Electricity
Opposing Viewpoints – Electricity


Electricity and Batteries
Bottled Lightning

High Voltage

Solar Electricity Basics

The How to of Lithium Batteries

How Stuff Works – Lithium Ion Batteries

Battery University – How to prolong Lithium Batterie

Brain Teaser – Purple

All the answers to this week’s brainteaser include the word “purple” or are connected with purple. Need help? Use Credo Reference Online

1. Heavy rock group which contained at various times Ritchie Blackmore, David Coverdale, Jon Lord and Ian Paice.

2. A heart-shaped purple tablet consisting mainly of amphetamine.

3. Handsome high-flying butterfly, with rusty black wings, lustrous in the male, and with seven white spots and a transverse white band.

4. Title of a song by Jimi Hendrix with references to the purple smoke used at landing zones in the Vietnam War.

5. Possibly Alice Walker’s most famous book, for which she won the American Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize, turned into a movie by Steven Spielberg.

6. In which television programme is the largest character Tinky Winky, who is purple and has a handbag?

7. The title of a 1985 Woody Allen film which starred Mia Farrow.

8. The title of a 1947 novel by H. E. Bates.

9. Nino Tempo is best known for his 1963 hit version of which song with April Stevens?

10. Complete this title of Zane Grey’s most popular novel: “Riders of the Purple…”.

How did you do?

0 – 1 Mmmm, not exactly brilliant.
2 – 5 A reasonable stab.
6 – 8 A good showing. But there’s still room for improvement!
9 – 10 You really know your stuff. Well done!

Questions set by Tony Augarde (