Brain Teaser – Places

Try to identify the names of places (countries, cities, etc.) hidden in these clues about their origin. Need help? Try Credo Reference Online.

1. Which area of Spain can be translated as “Coast of the Sun”?

2. Which English city got its name from a ford used by oxen?

3. Which city in California has a name that means “the Angels”?

4. Which Greek city was named after its patron goddess Athena?

5. Which part of the United Kingdom has a name which comes from an Old English word meaning “foreigner, stranger, Celt”?

6. Which South American country is cut through by the equator, after which it is named?

7. Which Irish city has a name that means “black pool”?

8. Which South American country gets its name from the Spanish for “silver country”?

9. Which Dutch city got its name from a phrase meaning “the count’s hedge”?

10. Which American state gets its name from the Spanish for “snow-covered”?

How did you do?

0 – 1 Mmmm, not exactly brilliant.
2 – 5 A reasonable stab.
6 – 8 A good showing. But there’s still room for improvement!
9 – 10 You really know your stuff. Well done!

Questions set by Tony Augarde (

Literature Criticism Online

Looking for criticism of a novel, play, poetry or drama?  Literature Criticism Online is just what you need.

We just added these new titles to our vast collection of literature criticism:

  • Contemporary Literary Criticism Vol 311
  • Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism Vol 246
  • Poetry Criticism Vol 121
  • Short Story Criticism Vol 156

World Holidays – October



Image by J€RRY via Flickr


Holiday Focus: Thailand’s Chulalongkorn Day

On October 23, Thailand honors its beloved monarch Chulalongkorn (also known as King Rama V), who ruled from 1868–1910. Ascending to the throne at age 15, Chulalongkorn is credited with abolishing slavery, reforming the economy and government, protecting Thailand from colonization, and modernizing the transportation system and the military. He promoted education throughout the country, established a currency, introduced Western medicine, and built the first museum. Today, Chulalongkorn is revered for his benevolent reign. To honor him, on October 23, the day of his death, people in Bangkok place wreaths at the Equestrian Statue in the Royal Plaza, light candles, and attend festivals and performances in honor of the king.

World Holidays Featured This Month

Cyprus – Independence Day – October 1
Celebrates Cyprus’s independence from Britain, gained in 1960.

Nigeria – National Day – October 1
Commemorates Nigeria’s independence after 60 years under British control (1900-1960).

India – Ghandi Jayanti (Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday) – October 2
Celebrates the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Admirers embark on pilgrimages to the Raj Ghat, in Delhi, where Gandhi was cremated. Spinning and weaving (which Gandhi promoted as a way to combat British monopolies) are also done in his honor on this day.

Germany – German Unification Day – October 3
Commemorates the reunification of East and West Germany. Germans celebrate with a street festival, speeches, and marches. Each year, festivities are held in a different German state.

North & South Korea – Han’gul Day – October 9
Commemorates the founding of the Korean alphabet, which was developed by scholars in 1446. It is celebrated with Confucian rituals, traditional dance performances, and calligraphy competitions.

Taiwan – Double Tenth Day – October 10
Named for its date (the tenth day of the tenth month), this day celebrates the Chinese Revolution in 1911, which led to the establishment of the Republic of China. It is celebrated with rallies, parades, performances, and fireworks.

History and the Headlines: Hispanic Heritage Month

History and the Headlines, a series of free online resource collections from our database vendor ABC-Clio. These materials provide authoritative information and engaging activities that help students understand important events.

¡Sí Se Puede! Hispanic Heritage Month Spotlight on César Chávez and UFW
Every year from September 15 to October 15 the United States observes National Hispanic Heritage Month, a time marked to celebrate the many contributions made by Hispanic Americans who have shaped and strengthened this nation.

In honor of this month long commemoration, we invite you to help your students explore the events, individuals, and issues surrounding the farmworker movement with reliable reference content and primary sources from ABC-CLIO. Content includes:

  • An informative Feature Story essay on the history of National Hispanic Heritage Month and the contributions to American society by César Chávez and the United Farm Workers
  • A challenging Examine section featuring discussion questions that encourage students to analyze primary source documents, photos, and videos
  • More than 150 reference entries, images, and annotated primary documents, including the complete collection of files from the FBI’s surveillance of César Chávez and the farmworker movement

Simply click here to get started!

Brain Teaser – Politics

Some people may think this subject is boring but it affects us all, so how much do you know about it? Need help? Use Credo Reference Online.

1. The Dáil is the lower house of the parliament of which country?

2. Who was prime minister of Italy in 1994-95, 2001-06, and from 2008?

3. The American presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush were members of which political party?

4. In Britain in 1924, the Labour Party formed its first ministry. Who was its prime minister: Ramsay MacDonald, Asquith, or Keir Hardie?

5. In the US, the Secretary of State is in charge of which branch of policy?

6. In which country did the government launch the “Hundred Flowers” campaign in 1956?

7. In the 19th century, which British political party’s outstanding leaders were Palmerston, Gladstone, and Lloyd George?

8. Who has been president of France since 2007?

9. Which political party was the governing party in India from 1947 until 1977?

10. In which country was the Free Soil Party formed in 1848?

How did you do?0 – 1 Mmmm, not exactly brilliant.
2 – 5 A reasonable stab.
6 – 8 A good showing. But there’s still room for improvement!
9 – 10 You really know your stuff. Well done!

Questions set by Tony Augarde (