Women in Sports


March is Women’s History Month. On June 23, 1972, Title IX, an unprecedented effort to end sex discrimination in education, became the law of the land.

While most famous for its requirement that schools provide girls with equal athletic opportunities, the law applies to all educational programs that receive federal funding, and to all aspects of a school’s educational system. Title IX benefits both males and females and is the lynchpin of thirty-five years of efforts to promote and establish gender equity in schools.

In the generation since the prohibition on sex discrimination in schools became the law of the land, it has thrown open doors for women and girls seeking to participate in higher education, in athletics, in math and science, and in vocational education.

Despite the tremendous gains made by female athletes, their current participation in intercollegiate sports remains below pre-Title IX male participation. While more than 170,000 men played college sports in 1971, only about 166,000 women play college sports today.

While 53% of the students at Division I schools are women, female athletes in Division I receive just 32% of the funds to recruit new athletes, 37% of total athletics expenditures, 45% of total athletic scholarships, and 44% of the opportunities to play intercollegiate sports.
Research Learning Activity

Assign students to select a Pro or Con position on the Leading Issue listed in the online research pathfinder listed below.

Students should write a report of at least 150 words that cites at least three resources and addresses the essential question for their chosen position on the issue.

ProQuest provides four unique models to promote differentiated instruction. When you open the issue, click the “Research Guides” link in the tool bar within the opened issue to see the choices.

Research Pathfinder

Using SIRS Knowledge Source

Click SIRS Issues Researcher > Select the VISUAL BROWSE tab > Click Drugs, Health, and Wellness > Sports > Title IX

Students should be aware of the Leading Issues Notes Organizer (see icon next to Research Guides) that is available in this and all opened issues. This unique tool helps students to organize their thoughts along with the SIRS information that they access on this issue.

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